Here are some of the interesting artifacts from the Art History Museum. I left before the group got to the paintings, which was fine with me. These are the type of things I like best anyway.

The descriptions are either from the museum web site or elsewhere on the web. I will often take pictures of labels, but for some reason I did not on this visit.


Krumlov Madonna

This Madonna with Child of carved and painted limestone is from the late 14th century. The naturalistic form and folds of the robe are breaking away from medieval art conventions. It is called the Krumlov Madonna from the place that it was found.


Adder's Tongue Credence

This kind of object, called a credenza and shaped like a tree or bouquet, was highly esteemed in the Late Middle Ages, because the grey points on the "flower heads" were considered to be adders' tongues. The tongues of snakelike dragons were believed to have magical powers and the ability to detect poison in meals and drinks.

The danger of being poisoned at princely banquets was absolutely real, and so utensils having "adders' tongues" were put near the dishes on the sideboard. Dare la credenza ("to give credence") was the Italian expression for this. In due course the term "credenza" became established for the adders' tongues stand as well as for the sideboard on which it sat. The adders' tongues are in fact fossilized shark's teeth.

The crystal on top was also considered to provide protection against poisons.


Ideal Portrait of Laura

Francesco Laurana created a number of female busts whose strict stylization continues to exert a puzzling attraction. Only on the Vienna bust are traces of the original polychromy preserved. Due to the great similarity of the bust with a surviving depiction of Laura, the legendary love of the famous scholar and poet Petrarch, it is possible that this is her likeness.

Late 15th century.


Benvenuto Cellini Salt Cellar

This salt cellar by Benvenuto Cellini was stolen and later recovered. It's a great story.


Woman and child

Can't find a description of this online, but I was fascinated by how the carver used the colors in the stone to define his (or her) work.


Rock CrystalA set of centerpieces in the shape of birds. Saracchi Workshop, 16th century. Rock crystal and heron feathers.


Daphne & Apollo

In his Metamorphoses, Ovid tells of the nymph, Daphne, whom Diana saves from Apollo’s amorous advances by turning her into a laurel tree. Jacob Auer's starting point was Bernini's celebrated marble group.

The smooth perfection of the two bodies and the elaborate carving of foliage and draperies emphasize the decorative virtuoso qualities of this show-piece that perfectly documents the artist’s ability to transcend the tusk’s natural form. Various 17th and 18th century travel diaries single out this group from the host of ivory works in the Imperial treasury.

APOLLO AND DAPHNE Jakob Auer (c. 1645 - 1706) Vienna, c. 1688/90.

It was carved from a single piece of ivory.


Leopold I

There was a collection of sculptures of Leopold I and some of his family.

The undershot jaw that Leopold has is a family trait called Hapsburg jaw. The Hapsburgs were seriously inbred and a number of genetic problems were the result.


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